Endometriosis is a medical condition where the tissue lining the inside of the uterus, called the endometrium, grows outside the uterus. Normally, the endometrium thickens and sheds each month during the menstrual cycle. However, in endometriosis, the displaced endometrial tissue can attach to other organs in the pelvic region, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or the lining of the pelvis.

What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

This abnormal growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus can lead to various symptoms and complications. Approximately 15% of women of reproductive age develop some degree of endometriosis before reaching menopause. Common symptoms of endometriosis include pelvic pain, painful periods, heavy menstrual bleeding, pain during intercourse, and infertility. The severity of symptoms can vary among individuals, with some experiencing mild discomfort while others may have debilitating pain.

The exact cause of endometriosis is still unknown, but there are several theories, including retrograde menstruation (backward flow of menstrual blood), genetic factors, hormonal imbalances, and immune system dysfunction. It is a chronic condition that affects women of reproductive age, typically starting in their teens or twenties.

What are the treatment options?

While there is no cure for endometriosis, there are treatment options available to manage the symptoms and improve quality of life. These can include pain medications, hormonal therapies, such as birth control pills or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, and in severe cases, surgery to remove the abnormal tissue.

It’s important for individuals experiencing symptoms suggestive of endometriosis to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management