PCOS and Pregnancy Complications: Understanding the Link

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) can cause a range of problems during pregnancy, including:

  • Higher rates of miscarriage: Women with PCOS have higher rates of miscarriage, especially in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Gestational diabetes: Women with PCOS have a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes, a type of diabetes that can develop during pregnancy.
  • Preeclampsia: Women with PCOS are at increased risk of developing preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure and damage to organs.
  • Preterm birth: Women with PCOS are at increased risk of giving birth prematurely, before 37 weeks of pregnancy.

The hormones in women with PCOS are imbalanced, with excess androgens being produced, leading to the cessation of ovulation, intense acne, and excessive hair growth. These hormonal imbalances can also lead to complications during pregnancy. Early diagnosis and treatment of PCOS can help to control symptoms and prevent long-term health problems.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that affects up to 10% of women of reproductive age. Some of the most common questions and concerns about PCOS include:

  1. What causes PCOS? The exact cause of PCOS is not known, but it is thought to be related to insulin resistance and hormonal imbalances. Genetics may also play a role.
  2. What are the symptoms of PCOS? The symptoms of PCOS can vary, but typically include irregular periods, excessive hair growth, acne, and weight gain. Women with PCOS may also have difficulty getting pregnant and are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
  3. How is PCOS diagnosed? PCOS is typically diagnosed through a combination of a physical exam, medical history, and blood tests to check hormone levels.
  4. Can PCOS be cured? There is currently no cure for PCOS, but it can be managed with lifestyle changes and medications to control symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.
  5. Can women with PCOS still have children? Yes, women with PCOS can still have children, but they may have difficulty getting pregnant due to irregular periods and ovulation. Fertility treatments such as medications and in vitro fertilization (IVF) may be recommended.
  6. Are there any long-term health risks associated with PCOS? Women with PCOS are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Regular check-ups and management of symptoms can help reduce these risks.
  7. What are the best lifestyle changes for managing PCOS? Lifestyle changes that can help manage PCOS include maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise, quitting smoking, managing stress, and getting enough sleep.
  8. What medications are used to treat PCOS? Medications such as birth control pills, and fertility treatments may be used to manage symptoms of PCOS and improve fertility.
  9. Is there a link between PCOS and cancer? There is no proven link between PCOS and cancer, but some studies suggest that women with PCOS may be at a slightly increased risk of developing endometrial cancer.
  10. Can PCOS be prevented? There is no known way to prevent PCOS, but maintaining a healthy lifestyle and managing symptoms can help reduce the risk of complications.


The information provided on this site is for educational and informational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this site.